Implements and Materials
Before beginning the process, ensure the following tools are available:
- Comb for sectioning
- Hairbrush/comb for detangling (suitable for the hair texture)
- Clips for sectioning
- Neck strip
- Shampoo cape
- Two towels
Preparing the Client
- Client Positioning: Seat the client comfortably and assist them into the right position for the service.
- Draping: Drape the client appropriately for a shampoo service using a shampoo cape.
- Removal of Accessories: Politely ask the client to remove hair ornaments, jewelry, and glasses and place them securely.
- Initial Check: Examine the scalp for any abrasions, wounds, or other contraindications. If any are found, do not proceed with the service. For scalp analysis, gently detangle the hair if needed.
- Straight/Wavy Hair: For straight or wavy hair, part the hair using the front of the comb with a half-head parting.
- Curly/Coily Hair: For curly or coily textures, use fingers to gently separate larger knots before shampooing and conditioning.
- Subsectioning: Further divide the hair into 1-inch (2.5 cm) subsections from the front hairline to the crown. Twist or braid detangled sections to keep them separated and manageable.
- Holding the Hair: Grasp the hair gently but firmly with your nondominant hand, positioning it between the thumb and fingers.
- Brush Placement: Position the brush with the bristles down, close to the scalp.
- Brushing Motion: Rotate the brush slightly by turning your wrist, sweeping the bristles along the full length of the hair shaft.
- Repeat Process: Brush each section three times to ensure all tangles are removed. Continue until the entire head is brushed.
Tips for Different Hair Textures
- Straight/Wavy Hair: Use a wide-toothed comb or detangling brush. Begin detangling from the ends and gradually move up towards the scalp.
- Curly/Coily Hair: Finger-detangle to undo larger knots. Use a wide-toothed comb or specially designed detangling brushes for curly hair. Work in small sections to avoid breakage.
- Sensitive Scalps: Be extra gentle. Use detangling sprays or conditioners to ease the process.
Brushing and detangling, when done correctly, can transform a routine salon visit into a relaxing experience for the client. By using appropriate tools and techniques for different hair types, hairdressers can ensure effective and damage-free hair care. Mastery of these skills not only enhances client comfort but also builds trust and strengthens the client-hairdresser relationship.